Karnataka is a state in the south western area of India, once in the past (until 1973) Mysore, province of India, It is the biggest state in South India and 6th biggest in India. It is limited by the details of Goa and Maharashtra toward the north, Telangana toward the east, Tamil Nadu toward the southeast, and Kerala toward the south and by the Arabian Sea toward the west. The state stretches out for around 420 miles (675 km) from north to south and for around 300 miles (480km) from east to west. Its coastline extends for exactly 200 miles (320 km). The capital is Bengaluru (Bangalore), close to the south-eastern line.
While coconut palms line the tidal ponds of the waterfront plain locale of Karnataka, storm woodlands cover the Malnad region of the Western Ghats, and clean timberlands and scrublands stretch across the drier fields of the Maidan. The rainstorm woods are particularly wealthy in untamed life, which incorporates tigers, elephants, gaurs (wild dairy cattle), and deer. Wild hogs, bears, and panthers occupy the Maidan. Peacocks are among the state’s basic birds. Karnataka has numerous natural life asylums, including the enormous Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in the northwest, which adjoins the Mahaveer safe-haven in Goa. The state additionally has a few public parks, among the most eminent of which are at Bandipur, in the south, close to the boundary with Tamil Nadu, and at Nagarhole, in the southwest, close to the line with Kerala.
Karnataka is mineral-rich. The state is a significant wellspring of chromite, and it is one of only a handful few provinces of India that produces magnesite. High-grade iron mineral stores are tapped most eminently in Bellary locale, in the east-focal piece of the state. Kolar Gold Fields, close to Bengaluru, yielded a large part of the country’s gold in the twentieth century; by the mid 21st century, in any case, virtual consumption of the stores and high working costs constrained the mines to close. Different minerals that have been extricated in Karnataka, yet in little amounts, incorporate mica, copper metal, bauxite, and garnet.
Karnataka has a written history of over 2,000 years. Aside from its coercion to the standard of Nandas, Mauryas and the Satavahanas, Karnataka came to have native traditions like the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Gangas from the center of the fourth century AD. The widely acclaimed Gomateshwara stone monument at Sharavanabelagola was introduced by a Ganga serve Chavundaraya. The titanic stone cut picture of Sri Gomateshwara is the most sublime among all Jain show-stoppers. Various guests show up at Shravanbelagola to look at this and different landmarks. The Chalukyas of Badami (500-735 AD) ruled over a more extensive zone, from the Narmada to the Kaveri from the times of Pulikeshi II (609-642 AD) who even crushed the strong Harshavardhana of Kanauj.
This line made fine, never-ending and the most wonderful landmarks at Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal, both primary and rock-cut. Aihole has been one of the supports of sanctuary design in the country. The Rashtrakutas (753-973 AD) of Malkhed who succeeded them piled accolades on the leaders of Kanauj progressively in the supposed ‘Time of Imperial Kanauj’. Kannada writing created during this period. Remarkable Jain researchers of India lived in their court. The Chalukyas of Kalyana (973 AD to 1189 AD) and their feudatories, the Hoysalas of Halebidu assembled stunning sanctuaries, energized writing and different expressive arts. Noted legal adviser Vijnaneshwara (work: Mitakshara) inhabited Kalyana. The extraordinary strict pioneer Basaveshwara was a clergyman at Kalyana. Vijayanagar domain (1336-1646) belittled and cultivated native customs and supported expressions, religion and writing in Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil. Abroad exchange prospered.
The Bahamani Sultans (Capital: Gulbarga, later Bidar) and the Bijapur Adilshahis raised fine Indo-Saracenic structures and supported Urdu and Persian writing. Approach of the Portuguese brought about the presentation of new yields (Tobacco, Maize, Chillies, Groundnut, potato, and so forth) After the fall of the Peshwa (1818) and Tipu (1799), Karnataka went under British guideline. Christian teachers presented English schooling and printing during the nineteenth century. Insurgency in transport, correspondence and enterprises was introduced. The metropolitan working class arose. Mysore line started and helped industrialisation and social development.
Karnataka has a rich social legacy, compounded by the commitments of progressive lines, which have encouraged different religions and ways of thinking that, thus, have affected writing, design, legends, music painting and different expressions, The town of Shravanabelagola, 56 miles (90 km) from Mysore, is particularly huge for its antiquated structures and landmarks. It contain remarkable instances of design from the Mouryan realm, just as a clolossal tenth century stone figure of Bahubali (Gommateshvara), the Jain holy person, Indeed, such tremendous solid Jain sculptures are exceptional to the Kannada-talking district of India. The impact of the Chalukya and Pallava lines is as yet obvious in sanctuary design coming from the seventh century CE.