Thiruvananthapuram (former name Trivandrum) is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala. Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. Thiruvananthapuram is a major Information technology hub in Kerala.
Thiruvananthapuram is one of the oldest cities in India, with periodic references in many Greek and Roman literatures. However the city’s position came forefront when the Venad Dynasty came into power in the Southern regions, after the Great Partition of Kerala Empire of Cheras in 14th century. Though Venad rulers had their capital at Kollam, the town was well considered as a major trading center. The rise of new Venad King, Maharaja Marthanda Varma and subsequently formation of Travancore Kingdom in late 17th century proved a turning point for the city.
The Raja, after formation of the kingdoms by annexing many small states and feudal principalities, dedicated the entire kingdom to Lord Padmanabha, the presiding deity of Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple and crowned as Emperor, making the royal family to rule in the name of the lord.
Thiruvananthapuram is also a major tourist centre, known for the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, the beaches of Kovalam , Shankumukham and Varkala, the backwater of Poovar and Anchuthengu and its Western Gats tracts of Ponmudi and the Agastyamala, etc.