Rajasthan, state of north-western India, located in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent. It is bounded to the north and northeast by the states of Punjab and Haryana, to the east and southeast by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, to the southwest by the state of Gujarat, and to the west and northwest by the provinces of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan. The capital city is Jaipur, in the east-central part of the state.
Major features include the ruins of the Indus valley civilisation at Kalibangan and Balathai, the Dilwara temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at Rajasthan’s only hill station Mount Abum in the ancient Aravalli mountain rage and in eastern Rajasthan, the Keoladeo National park of Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site, known for its bird life. Rajasthan is also home to three national tiger reserves, the Ranthasmbore National Park in Sawai Madhopur, Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar and Mukundra Hills tiger Reserve in Kota.
Rajasthan, meaning “The Abode of the Rajas,” was formerly called Rajputana, “The Country of the Rajputs” (sons of rajas [princes]). Before 1947, when India achieved independence from British rule, it comprised some two dozen princely states and chiefships, the small British-administered province of Ajmer-Merwara, and a few pockets of territory outside the main boundaries. After 1947 the princely states and chiefships were integrated into India in stages, and the state took the name Rajasthan.
Best Tourist Places to visit in Rajasthan are Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Pushkar, Sawai Madhopur, Chittorgarh, Mehrangarh Fort – Jodhpur, Amber Fort and Palace – Jaipur, Jain Temple – Ranakpur, Udaipur Kumbhalgarh Fort, Udaipur Dilwara Jain Temples – Mount Abu, Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Bharatpur, Junagarh Fort – Bikaner, Chittorgarh Fort – Chittorgarh, Govind Devil Temple – Jaipur, Sheesh Mahal (Hall of Mirrors), Jaipur Ranthambore National Park, Sawai Madhopur Lake Pichola – Udaipur, Bagore Ki Haveli – Udaipur, Pushkar Yoga Garden – Pushkar, Jantar Mantar – Jaipur, City Palace of Udaipur – Udaipur, Patwon-ki-Haveli – Jaisalmer, Jaisalmer Fort – Jaisalmer, Birla Mandir Temple – Jaipur, City Palace of Jaipur – Jaipur, Hawa Mahal – Jaipur, Jag Mandir – Udaipur, Karni Mata Temple – Deshnok, Nahargarh Fort – Jaipur, Jal Mahal – Jaipur, etc.
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