Chennai, formerly Madras, city is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Known as the ‘Gateway to South India’. The city is home to Fort St. George, built in 1644 and now a museum showcasing the city’s roots as a British military garrison and East India Company trading outpost, when it was called Madras.
Armenian and Portuguese traders were living in the San Thome area of what is now present-day Chennai before the arrival of the British in 1639. Madras was the shortened name of the fishing village Madraspatnam, where the British East India Company built a fort and factory (trading post) in 1639–40. At that time, the weaving of cotton fabrics was a local industry, and the English invited the weavers and native merchants to settle near the fort. By 1652 the factory of Fort St. George was recognized as a presidency (an administrative unit governed by a president), and between 1668 and 1749 the company expanded its control. About 1801, by which time the last of the local rulers had been shorn of his powers, the English had become masters of southern India, and Madras had become their administrative and commercial capital. The government of Tamil Nadu officially changed the name of the city to Chennai in 1996.
Tamil is the official language in Chennai, and also the first language of most locals.
Since the late 1990s, software development and electronics manufacturing have made up the bulk of Chennai’s economy. Numerous technology parks, where many foreign companies have offices, are found throughout the city. Other major industries include the manufacture of automobiles, rubber, fertilizer, leather, iron ore, and cotton textiles. Wheat, machinery, iron and steel, and raw cotton are imported. There is an oil refinery in Chennai. Services, especially finance and tourism, are also significant. Hotels, luxury resorts, restaurants, marinas, and parks line Marina Beach, the coastline abutting Chennai city.
Chennai is home to numerous historical centers, displays, and different organizations, a large number of which are liberated from confirmation charges and are significant vacation destinations just as playing an examination job. The city likewise has perhaps the most seasoned exhibition hall and craftsmanship displays in the nation – Government Museum, Chennai and The National Art Gallery, set up in the mid eighteenth century.
With its noteworthy milestones and structures, long sandy sea shores, social and workmanship focuses and stops, Chennai’s travel industry offers numerous possibly fascinating areas to guests. A prominent vacation spot in Chennai is really in the adjoining town of Mahabalipuram, with its antiquated sanctuaries and rock carvings of the seventh century Pallava realm is an UNESCO World Heritage site.
Tourist places of Chennai
Marina Beach – is a 13-km-long metropolitan sea shore along the Bay of Bengal that runs from Fort St. George in the north up to Foreshore Estate in the south.
Elliot’s Beach – otherwise called Besant Nagar sea shore starts where the Marina closes.
Government Museum, Egmore Established in 1851, the exhibition hall comprising of six structures and 46 displays covers a space of around 16.25 sections of land of land.
Chennai Rail Museum a rail route gallery in Perambur which has a rich rail legacy of India with the host of both specialized and legacy displays with a sizable assortment of steam motors having a place with different many years of the British Raj.
Birla Planetarium, a cutting edge planetarium that gives a virtual visit through the night sky and holding enormous shows on an extraordinarily punctured hemispherical aluminum inward arch.
Vivekanandar Illam or Vivekananda house is recognized as where Swami Vivekananda remained for nine days when he visited Chennai in 1897.
Valluvar Kottam is a famous landmark in Chennai, devoted to the traditional Tamil artist, logician, and holy person.
Arignar Anna Zoological Park (otherwise called Vandalur Zoo) is found south-west of the city and covering a space of 1490 sections of land is India’s biggest zoo. It has around 2200 creatures having a place with 170 distinct species including of vertebrates, birds, reptiles, creatures of land and water and fish.
Madras Crocodile Bank Trust, found south of the city, along the East Coast Road, is a significant community for herpetological research houses a few new water and salt-water crocodiles, gators, gharials, and furthermore turtles and snakes.
Guindy National Park, cut as a nursery space from the Guindy Forest in 1670 and later settled as a recreation center in 1976, it is one of the country’s littlest National Park with a space of 2.76 km2 and is found totally inside the city.
There are four enormous event congregations, MGM Dizzee World, VGP Universal Kingdom, Queen’s Land close to Poonnamalle and Kishkinta Located close to Mudichur in Chennai.
The city is home to the Tamil film industry, has over 100+ enormous film theaters including a couple multiplexes which screen Tamil, English, Hindi, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam films.
The city has an enormous number of cafés offering an assortment of Tamil, Indian and global cooking styles. The nightlife in Chennai is lively and becoming going from bars to pool parlors to parlors and clubs.